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CSS Examination Syllabus - Botany


Botany ( Total Marks - 200 )

Paper - I (Marks-100)

  1. Thallophytes
    1. Phycology: Origin, evolution, distribution and classification with reference to range, structure, life history, ecology and economic importance of the main groups of algae.
    2. Mycology & Plant Pathology: Structure, development reproduction, classification; phylogeny, physiology and economic importance of the main groups of fungi, Diseases of economic importance and general principles of their control.
  2. Bryology: Evolution of ganietophytes and sporophytcs.
  3. Peteridophyta and Gymnosperms: General structure fife history and evolutionary tendencies, Ontogeny and structure of seed.
  4. Anatomy and Embryology: Primary and secondary tissues, Meristems, tissue differentiation, normal and abnormal secondary growth, anatomy of leaf, stem and root, Micro and megasporogenesis, pollination mechanism, fertilization, development of embryo and endosperm, seed dispersal.
  5. Taxonomy of Angiosperms: Systems of classification, Rules of botanical nomenclature, Concepts of speciarion, Introduction to modern trends in plant taxonomy: Bio-systematics, chemotaxonomy and numerical taxonomy.

Paper II (Marks - l00)

  1. Plant Physiology: Plant water relations, osmotic quantities, absorptions, transpiration, role of essential mineral elements, their uptake and distribution, growth and development, plant hormones, photoperiodism, vernalization, Dormancy and seed germination, Biochemistry of carbohydrates, proteins and fats with reference to plants, Enzymes, Plant pigments, Photophosphorelation, path of carbon in photosynthesis, oxidative phosophorelation (respiration), nitrogen and fat metabolism.
  2. Ecology: Influence of climatic. edaphic and biotic factors on plant growth, Sampling techniques, Major formations in relation to climatic zones, Concepts of ecosystems and their productivity, Ecological energetics, efficiency, pyramids, food chains and trophic levels. Salinity and water logging in Pakistan, causes. reclamation, soil erosion, methods of control and conservation. Pollution and conservation of natural resources.
  3. Cytology: Detailed study of ultrastructure of cell. Mitosis and meiosos. Significance of meiosis.
  4. Genetics
    • Mendalian Genetics, Linkage, crossing over, sex linked genes, lethals, balanced lethals. Mutation, polyploidy.
    • Biochemical Genetics: Bichemical nature of hereditary material, genetic Code, Fine Structure of gene, transduction and transformation.
  5. Evolution Theories of evolution, Neo-Darwinism Neo Lamarckism. Adaptive mutations.

Suggested Readings

    • Title
    • Author
    • 1
    • Advanced Inorganic Chemistry 3rd Ed.
    • Cotton, F.A. and Wilkinson Groffrey
    • 2
    • Inorganic Chemistry, 3rd Ed. 1983
    • Hukeavy, James E.
    • 3
    • Physical Chemistry 3rd Ed.
    • Barrow, Gardon M.
    • 4
    • Physical Chemistry 5th Ed.
    • Moore, Walter J.
    • 5
    • University Chemistry
    • Mahan, B.H.
    • 6
    • Introduction to Organic Chemistry 2nd Ed.
    • Streitwieser, A. Jr.
    • 7
    • Mechanism & Structure in Organic Chemistry
    • Gould, Edwards
    • 8
    • Organic Chemistry 2nd Ed.
    • Morrison, Robert Thornton & Boyd R.N.

Check other Subjects and Syllabus below:

Compulsory Subjects

General Knowledge

Optional Subjects:

(subjects carrying a total of 600 marks to be selected)

Group A

Subjects carrying not more than 200 marks can be opted.
Note: Business Administration cannot be opted in combination with Public Administration

Group B

Subject/s carrying not more than 200 marks can be opted.

Group C

Subjects carrying not more than 200 marks can be opted.

Group D (Science Subjects )

Subject/s carrying not more than 200 marks can be opted.

Group E (History Subjects )

Subjects carrying not more than 200 marks can be opted.

Group F

Subject/s carrying not more than 200 marks can be opted.
Note: International Law CANNOT BE opted in combination with International Relations.

Group G

Subjects carrying not more than 200 marks can be opted.

Group H (Regional Languages )

Subject/s carrying not more than 200 marks can be opted.
Regional Languages: Not more than one of the 4 subjects can be opted.

Group I (National and Foreign Languages )

Subjects carrying not more than 200 marks can be opted.
National/Foreign/Classical Languages: Not more than one of 4 subjects can be opted. Note: Urdu can not be combined with Regional Languages.


 
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  • S

    Samar 10 / Jul / 2013

    kindly inform me about css test updates and provide me material for online css test study

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    • K

      Kinza 16 / Feb / 2013

      Assalam o alaikum ! main ne graduation kar lia hai ..plz guide me about css exams ..k main css karon ya apna masters complete karon pehle .. kindly help me.. waiting for ur reply .. ALLAH HAFIZ !

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