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CSS Examination Syllabus - Agriculture


Agriculture ( Total Marks - 100 )

  1. Natural Resources (Land, Water, Biological. Environmental. Solar and energy) as bases for agricultural production. Agriculture as integrated system of components like Crops, Livestock, Fisheries, Forestry. Range Management. Socio-economics etc. Role of research and newer technologies in current and future agriculture in Pakistan.
  2. Elements of climate and their relationship with crop growth. Factors of soil, Soil formation and development of soil profile, Soil texture and structure and their management, Soil fertility and fertilizer requirement of various soils and crops, Role of organic matter in soil Water requirements' of crops and water use efficiency. Cropping pattern and crop relations. Systems and types of farming; Nature, formation and reclamation of salt affected and water-logged soil, Soil erosion and conservation.
  3. Physiology of Growth and development, growth curves, growth regions, RGR, NAR and LAR in relation to biomass production. Seed growth and assimilate partitioning, Harvest index. Photoperiodic and thermoperiodic responses of crop plants, photorespiration, Nitrogen fixation, Nitrogen cycle, factors affecting bioligical N fixation.
  4. The modern concept of genetics, gene and gene function, application of genetics for the improvement of crops.
  5. Modern concept of Horticultural industry, Plant propagation, Major management and breeding problems in fruits and vegetables.
  6. Pests arid diseases of agricultural crops, Principles and methods of pest and diseases control, Pesticides-their application and action, Modern concept and principles of insect pest management.
  7. Role of agriculture in the national economy, Agricultural mechanization, Land tenure and Land reforms, Population problems of rural Pakistan, Major issues in agriculture and agricultural development in Pakistan.

Suggested Readings

    • Title
    • Author
    • 1
    • Agriculture in India Vol. I & II
    • Kamar, L.S.S.
    • 2
    • An Introduction to Tropical Agriculture
    • Temporary H&D Grit, H.
    • 3
    • A treatile in Horticulture
    • Gilani, M.A.
    • 4
    • An Introduction to Animal Husbandry
    • King Black Well, J.O.L
    • 5
    • Breading Field Crops
    • Poehlman
    • 6
    • Disease of Field Crops
    • Dickenson, J.G.
    • 7
    • Agricultural Insects, Pests of Tropics and their control
    • Hill, S.D.
    • 8
    • Forest Ecology
    • Spurr, S.H.
    • 9
    • Fundamentals of Soil Science
    • Foth
    • 10
    • Irrigation Principles and Practicals
    • Isrealson, O.W.
    • 11
    • Manual of Plant Production
    • Abdul Manan
    • 12
    • Principles of Agronomy
    • Mudliar, W.T.S.
    • 13
    • Principles of Field Crop Production
    • Martin J.H. & Leonard W.H.
    • 14
    • Principles of Genetics
    • Gardner, E.J.
    • 15
    • Physiology of Crop Plants
    • Gardner, Peares and Mitchal
    • 16
    • The Nature and Properties of Soil
    • Buckman, H.O. & Bready N.C.
    • 17
    • Physiology of Growth and Development
    • Willking
    • 18
    • Plant Pathology
    • Agrioes, G.N.

Check other Subjects and Syllabus below:

Compulsory Subjects

General Knowledge

Optional Subjects:

(subjects carrying a total of 600 marks to be selected)

Group A

Subjects carrying not more than 200 marks can be opted.
Note: Business Administration cannot be opted in combination with Public Administration

Group B

Subject/s carrying not more than 200 marks can be opted.

Group C

Subjects carrying not more than 200 marks can be opted.

Group D (Science Subjects )

Subject/s carrying not more than 200 marks can be opted.

Group E (History Subjects )

Subjects carrying not more than 200 marks can be opted.

Group F

Subject/s carrying not more than 200 marks can be opted.
Note: International Law CANNOT BE opted in combination with International Relations.

Group G

Subjects carrying not more than 200 marks can be opted.

Group H (Regional Languages )

Subject/s carrying not more than 200 marks can be opted.
Regional Languages: Not more than one of the 4 subjects can be opted.

Group I (National and Foreign Languages )

Subjects carrying not more than 200 marks can be opted.
National/Foreign/Classical Languages: Not more than one of 4 subjects can be opted. Note: Urdu can not be combined with Regional Languages.


 
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