Power and possession have been central pursuits of modem civilization for a long time. They blocked out or distorted other features of the western renaissance (revival) which promised so much for humanity. What people have been and are still being taught to prize is money, success, and control over the lives of others, acquisition of more and more objects. Modern social, political, and economic systems, whether capitalist, fascist or communist, reject in their working the basic principle that the free and creative enfoldment of every man, woman and child is the true measure of the worth of any society. Such enfoldment requires understanding and imagination, integrity and compassion, cooperation among people and harmony between the human species and the rest of nature. Acquisitiveness and the pursuit of power have made the modern man an aggressor against everything that is non-human, an exploiter, and oppressor of those who are poor, meek, and unorganized, a pathological type which hates and distrusts the world and suffers from both acute loneliness and false pride. The need for a new renaissance is deeply felt by those sensitive and conscientious men and women who not only perceive the dimensions of the crisis of our age but who also realize that only through conscious and cooperative human effort may this crisis be met and probably even overcome.
Q:The modern value systems encourage the importance of which one of the following?
When we are suddenly confronted with any terrible danger, the change of nature we undergo is equally great.In some cases, fear paralyses us.Like animals we stand powerless to move a step in fright or to lift a hand in defence of our lives and somtimes we are seized with panic,and again act more like the inferior animals than beigns.On the other hand,frequnetly in case of sudden extreme perill,which cannot be escaped by fright and must be instantly faced, even the most timid men at once as if by miracle,become possessed of the necessary courage sharp quick apprehension,and swift decision.This is a miracle very common in nature.Man and the inferior animals alike, when confronted with almost certain death gather resolution from despair' but there can really be no trace of so debilitating a feeling in the person fighting,or prepared to fight for dear life.At such times,the mind is clearer than it has ever been: the nerves are steel, there is nothing felt but a wonderful strength and daring.Looking back at certain perilous moments in my own life,I remember them with a kind of joy,not that there was any joyful excitement them; but because they brought me a new experience,a new nature, as it were and lifted me for a time above myself.v. The author feels happy in the recollection of danger faced and overcome because: