It is difficult to reconcile the ideas of different schools of thought on the question of education.Some people maintain that pupils at school should concentrate on a narrow range of subjects which will benefits them directly in their subsequent careers.Others contend that they should study a wide range of subjects so that have not only the specialized knowledge necessary for their chosen careers but also sound general knowledge about the world they will have to work and live in. Supporters of the first theory state that the greatest contributions to civilization are made by those who are most expert in their trade or profession.Those on the other side say that unless they have a broad general education,the experts will be too narrow in their outlook to have sympathy with their follows or a proper sense of responsibility towards humanity as a whole.v. According to the second school of thought education will not be very effective if pupils
Educational planning should aim at meeting the educational needs of the entire population of all age groups. While the traditional structure of education as a three layer hierarchy from the primary stage to the university represents the core, we should not overlook the periphery which is equally important. Under modern conditions, workers need to rewind, or renew their enthusiasm, or strike out in a new direction, or improve their skills as much as any university professor. The retired and the aged have their needs as well. Educational planning, in their words, should take care of the needs of everyone. Our structures of education have been built up on the assumption that there is a terminal point to education. This basic defect has become all the more harmful today. A UNESCO report entitled 'Learning to Be' prepared by Edgar Faure and others in 1973 asserts that the education of children must prepare the future adult for various forms of self-learning. A viable education system of the future should consist of modules with different kinds of functions serving a diversity of constituents. And performance, not the period of study, should be the basis for credentials. The writing is already on the wall. In view of the fact that the significance of a commitment of lifelong learning and lifetime education is being discussed only in recent years even in educationally advanced countries, the possibility of the idea becoming an integral part of educational thinking seems to be a far cry. For, to move in that direction means such more than some simple rearrangement of the present organization of education. But a good beginning can be made by developing Open University programs for older learners of different categories and introducing extension services in the conventional colleges and schools. Also these institutions should learn to cooperate with the numerous community organizations such as libraries, museums, municipal recreational programs, health services etc.
Q:Integrating the concepts of lifelong learning with the educational structure would imply
Is this work of incessant and feverish activity.men have little time to think,much less to consider ideals and objectives yet how are we to act even in the present unless we know which way we are going and what our objectives are?It is only in the peaceful atmosphere of a university that these basic problems can be adequately considered.It is only when the young men and wpmen who are in the university today and on whom the burden of life's problem will fall tomorrow,learn to have clear objectives and standards of values that there is hope for the next generation.The past generation produced some great men but as a generation it led the world repeatedly to disaster.Two world wars are the price that has been paid for the lack of wisdom on men's part in this generation.I think that there is always a close and intimate relationship between the end we aim at and the means adopted to attain it,Even if the end is right but the means are wrong,it will vitiate the end or divert us in a wrong direction.Means and ends are thus intimately and inextricably connected and cannot be separated.That indeed,has been the lesson of old taught us by many great men in the past but unfortunately it is seldom remembered.i.People have little time to consider ideals and objectives because: