MS Microbiology

MS Microbiology


Masters in microbiology compasses all aspects of microorganisms such as their behavior, evolution, physiology, ecology and biochemistry along with the pathology of diseases. 
M. Phil. Microbiology is a 2 years research degree program which allows students to study a specific research project in the subjects of biofilm formation, bacterial polysaccharides, and attachment of pathogens.
The M. Phil degree in Microbiology helps students to stand alone and have an edge over other professionals in the field.
M. Phil. in microbiology is offered to masters students with a capability towards biology. This course is apt for students who concern themselves with the characteristics of identifying, conveying and organizing data.
Microbiology research includes:
  • Astro microbiology 
  • Evolutionary microbiology
  • Cellular microbiology Microbial ecology
  • Systems microbiology
  • Microbial genetics
  • Microbial physiology

Specializations Or Majors Of MS/MPhil Microbiology

The aim of microbiology specialization is to give an observation into the subject through practical experiments and other relevant work in the field, so that the student gets an overall understanding of the characteristics of microorganisms. The specialization enables students to enter into a wide range in the field where microbiology is relevant.
Main area of specialization are in microbiology are:
  • Soil, Agricultural and Environmental Microbiology
  • Food and Industrial Microbiology
  • Medical Microbiology


Scope And Career Of MS/MPhil Microbiology

Microbiology career is one of the growing and highly paying careers in Pakistan. A microbiologist is a scientist who analyzes microscopic life and their processes.
After the master’s in this field students will be trained and competitive in the market, especially within research intensive industries such as pharmaceuticals, biotech and to some extent chemicals, as well as at organizations in patents and health protection organizations.
M.Phil. in microbiology students can find employment in these sectors:
  • Research and Development Laboratories
  • Research Organizations
  • Pharma Industries
  • Food and Beverage Industry
  • Chemical Industries
  • Hospitals and Health Protection Agency laboratories
  • Pathology Labs
  • Biotechnology Firms
  • Veterinary Labs
  • Food and nutrition companies
  • Poultry Industries
  • Beverages Industries
  • Pharmaceutical Firms
  • Dairy Farms
  • Agriculture Sectors
  • Research Departments
  • Consulting firms
  • Environmental Organizations
  • Colleges and Universities
  • Healthcare Organizations
  • Research Organizations
  • Water and Biotechnology Companies
  • Food and Drink Industry
  • Forensic Science Laboratories
  • There are following professions in this filed:
  • Demonstrator
  • Trainee- Quality Control 
  • Assistant Professor
  • Microbiologist/ Assistant Manager
  • Medical Microbiologist
  • Junior Resident
  • Microbiology Demonstrator
  • Quality Control Trainee
  • Microbiology Assistant Professor
  • Microbiology Tutor
  • Microbiology Lab Technician

Microbiologists Salaries in Pakistan 

The microbiological industry is growing in Pakistan and has proved to be a better employment sector, due to demand for technically skilled professionals.


Skills And Learning Outcomes Of MS/MPhil Microbiology


  • Microbiology researchers try to answer scientific questions that no one else can answer by doing experiments. They are explorers, developing new knowledge, making discoveries and applying these to real-world problems.
  • Postgraduates will learn concepts of biology with focus on microbiology through various graduate courses. This information provides students with insight into the complexity of microbiology and biological systems. 
  • They will be able to determine the solid foundation of biological and microbiology systems. 
  • They will also be able to establish an understanding of advanced bio related information and technology. 
  • Will be able to determine understanding the research techniques and methods and develop the laboratory skills.  
  • They will learn to identify gaps and limitations in biological data, scientific hypothesis, interpretation, data analysis and dissemination.
  • They have the ability to read, understand, and critically think of scientific research papers.
  • They have the ability to select and use valid techniques and methodologies to do laboratory research.
  • Microbiologists will be able to determine the ability to successfully complete research laboratory procedures.
  • Microbiologists will be able to demonstrate the ability to successfully persist to laboratory rules and regulations.

Related Courses 

  • Masters in Biotechnology 
  • Masters in Molecular biology 
  • Masters in Botany 
  • Masters in Biomedical sciences
  • Masters in Applied molecular biology 
  • Masters in Healthcare biotechnology
  • Masters in Biochemistry
  • Masters in Biology 
  • Masters in Neuroscience
  • Masters in Advance biological sciences
  • Masters in Food science 
  • Masters in Biodefense 
  • Masters in Biological sciences 
  • Masters in Medical microbiology
  • Masters in Bioscience
  • Masters in Marine microbiology
  • Masters in Clinical microbiology 
  • Masters in Applied microbiology

Duration And Credit Hours Of MS/MPhil Microbiology

The duration of masters or MPhil in microbiology is 2 years with 4 semesters.

Further courses 

PhD in microbiology 

MS/MPhil Microbiology Fee Structure 

NUMS fee structure for MS Microbiology 
Tuition fee 136,000 /year
University of central Punjab fee structure for MS microbiology
Admission fee 25,000
Fee per credit hour  16,000
Total Fee 505,000
University of Punjab fee structure of MS/MPhil microbiology
1st semester  19,925
2nd semester  16,575
3rd semester  19,675
4th semester  17,825

MS/MPhil Microbiology Courses and syllabus 

1st year’s compulsory subjects
Courses  Credit hours 
Genomics and Proteomics 3
Instrumentation and Analytical Techniques 3
Lab- I 1
Logic (Philosophy of Science) 1
Lab-II 3

Optional subjects (health and medical microbiology)
Epidemiology: Analytical and Expedited Approaches 3
Molecular Cancer Immunology 3
Molecular Virology  3
Molecular Pathogenesis 3
Molecular Mechanism of Antimicrobial Drugs 3
Advanced Molecular diagnostics 3
M.PHIL Microbiology 2nd Year Course Content (Agriculture Microbiology optional subjects)
Pathogens of Plant Viral Diseases 2
Pathogens of Plant Bacterial Diseases 2
Pathogens of Plant Fungal Diseases 2
Microbiology of Soil and Bioremediation  3
Microbial Techniques in Horticulture 3
Advance Veterinary Microbiology 3

Industry (Optional Subjects)
Fermentation & its Industrial Application 3
Microbial enzyme Technology 3
Biopolymers & Microbial Pharmaceutics 3
Microbial Pollution 2
Microbial Strain Development 2
Vaccine Development 2

Food and Dairy Microbiology (Optional subjects)

Advances in Diary Microbiology 3
Food Preservation and Packaging 3
Microbial Pathogens of Aquatic Edible Foods 3
Innovations in Microbial Fermentation Technology 2
Microbial Diseases in Poultry 2
Food Borne Diseases 2
Compulsory subjects 
Seminar 1
Research 6



Major Subjects in Microbiology

The masters of Microbiology covers these major subjects as:
  • Microbial Anatomy and Physiology
  • Cell Biology
  • Bacterial Genetics
  • Clinical Bacteriology
  • Genetic Engineering
  • Medical Virology
  • Immunology
  • Food Microbiology
  • Soil Microbiology
  • Epidemiology
  • Environment Biotechnology


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