The Bhutan flag is a unique symbol of its culture and Buddhism tradition in the country. Moreover, it is considered one of the most vibrant and uniquely designed flags in the world. The bi-color flag featuring the snarling dragon and jewels in the claws represents the power and wealth of the nation. Like any other country, each color in the Bhutan flag has symbolic value and symbolizes the pride and unique identity of the country.
The history of the National flag of Bhutan dates back to the Indo-Bhutan treaty in 1949 that was designed at the request of Second King Jigme Wangchuck. The flag featured a bi-color square design - a yellow & orange fimbriation running from the lower hoist to the upper flag end. Moreover, it has a green dragon parallelly facing the fly end. The first flag design was embroidered by one of the few lharips (painter) - Taw Taw from Pesiling, Bumthang. The green Dragon in the flag referred to the yu druk ngonm (turquoise dragon).
During the royal tour of Late Majesty Jigme Dorji in 1956, the second version of the Bhutan flag featuring the white Dragon was introduced. It had the same bi-color design based on the first Bhutan flag design. The larger flag of size six square feet was hoisted on the camp.
In the late 1950s, the present version of the Bhutan flag was introduced during the visit of an Indian officer to Bhutan. It was redesigned in a rectangular shape and measured to the Indian flag ( nine by six feet).
The current Bhutan flag mainly featured the following changes.
The Dragon on the Bhutan flag was painted by Kilkhor Lopen Jada. So, the present Bhutan flag is a bi-color rectangular shaped flag diagonally divided into orange and yellow colors.
Bhutan flag mainly features two colors - Yellow and Orange. Moreover, the Dragon in the center of the flag is white in color.
The different color values in Hex, RGB, and CMYK are as follows.
|RGB||(255, 78, 18)||(255, 213, 32)||(255, 255, 255)|
|CMYK||0, 0.694, 0.929, 0||0, 0.164, 0.874, 0||0, 0, 0, 0|
The national flag of Bhutan features yellow, orange, white, and Dragon and has its own meaning.
The yellow color in the Bhutan flag symbolizes the power and authority of the king ruling the state in the world. Additionally, it was taken from the traditional dress of the King of Bhutan, and it is also the official color of Bhutan.
The orange color represents the Buddhist group in Bhutan and the symbolism of Buddhist heritage. Thunder Dragon or The Druk is the Bhutanese national symbol. The flag of Bhutan features a Dragon with jeweled claws in the center, symbolizing the wealth and power of the state. Moreover, the Dragon’s snarling mouth symbolizes the commitment of the wrathful deities of Bhutan to protect the state. The white color of the Dragon represents the purity of different ethnic groups in a country. The fimbriation dividing the two colors and Dragon in the center also symbolizes the equality of civic and monarchy in Bhutan.
The yellow-orange-colored Bhutan flag should maintain a ratio of 3:2. However, some of the accepted dimensions are as follow
The smallest size, i.e., 23 cm × 15 cm, is for the car flags.
The Bhutan flag is a bi-color flag that is divided into the upper and lower triangle. The upper triangle has a yellow color, whereas the bottom triangle has an orange color. The equal ratio of yellow and orange color shows the unity of people in Bhutan.
The different variants of the Bhutan flag differ in the Dragon designed on the flag and are as follows.
As the flag is the national symbol of a nation and to pay respect, a complete code of conduct was passed on June 8, 1972, by the National Assembly. The rules and protocols to hoist the national flag of Bhutan are as follows.
Let’s dive into the interesting facts about the national flag of Bhutan