Top 10 Oldest Universities of World


source : top-10-list

10. University of Salamanca (Spain) - Founded: 1218 - When Christopher Columbus took the epic voyage to find the western route to Indies, he consulted with the Geography department of this esteemed university. Currently gearing up to celebrate its 8th Centennial, the university has quite a history.

9. University of Cambridge (England) - Founded: 1209 - Consistently ranked among top 5 universities of the world, this is the second oldest university of the English speaking world. This was formed as a result of a dispute of Oxford scholars with the town people. Till date, oxford and Cambridge are rivals.

8. University of Montpelier (France) - Founded: 1150 - The university is said to be older than the stated date, the reason is that there was an order by Pope Nicholas IV to combine all old universities into one. Thus some parts of this center of knowledge could be older.

7. University of Oxford (England) - Founded: 1096 - This is not the exact date but evidence suggests that the university was in operation in 1906. The student inflow increased considerably in 1167, when Henry II banned the English students from attending University of Paris.

6. University of Paris (France) - Founded: 1096 - The exact dates are unavailable but tentative date is accepted to be 1096. It is no longer functioning in this name; it was reorganized into 13 different universities in 1970. These are popularly referred to as College de Sorbonne. It came up around the famous Notre Dame Cathedral.

5. University of Bologna (Italy) - Founded: 1088 - The first higher learning institute of the western world and the leading innovator in field of learning till the world wars. The University of Bologna has a wonderful history and is seen as the official step of western world in field of higher education institutes.

4. Al Nizamiyya Of Baghdad (Iran) - Founded: 1065 - Founded by Khwaja Nizam al-Mulk in early eleventh century, this was a part of series of universities started by al-Mulk. Al Nizamiyya remains the most successful and popular one. These universities combined to create 'Largest University of Medieval world'.

3. Al-Azhar University (Egypt) - Founded: 970-972 - The second oldest institute of Islamic world.which is still in operation! It started as center for studying Arabic literature, Sunni Islamic learning and religious focus. Today it teaches Quaranic sciences and traditions along with learnings from Prophet Muhammad on one hand and all modern fields of science on other.

2. University of Al-Karaouine (Morocco) - Founded: 859 - The second oldest, and still operating university of the world. It was founded by Fatima al-Fihri, a woman. In the beginning it only has natural science as its offering. It wasn't until 1957 that other mainstream science was added to the portfolio.

1. Nalanda University (India) - Founded: 600BC - This is the clear winner. Notice that this is the only one to be established in BC. The history of this is a strong example of the Indian culture and the importance associated to education since early days. It saw students from Babylon, Greece, Syria, and China.

  • 10. University of Salamanca (Spain) - Founded: 1218 - When Christopher Columbus took the epic voyage to find the western route to Indies, he consulted with the Geography department of this esteemed university. Currently gearing up to celebrate its 8th Centennial, the university has quite a history.

  • 9. University of Cambridge (England) - Founded: 1209 - Consistently ranked among top 5 universities of the world, this is the second oldest university of the English speaking world. This was formed as a result of a dispute of Oxford scholars with the town people. Till date, oxford and Cambridge are rivals.

  • 8. University of Montpelier (France) - Founded: 1150 - The university is said to be older than the stated date, the reason is that there was an order by Pope Nicholas IV to combine all old universities into one. Thus some parts of this center of knowledge could be older.

  • 7. University of Oxford (England) - Founded: 1096 - This is not the exact date but evidence suggests that the university was in operation in 1906. The student inflow increased considerably in 1167, when Henry II banned the English students from attending University of Paris.

  • 6. University of Paris (France) - Founded: 1096 - The exact dates are unavailable but tentative date is accepted to be 1096. It is no longer functioning in this name; it was reorganized into 13 different universities in 1970. These are popularly referred to as College de Sorbonne. It came up around the famous Notre Dame Cathedral.

  • 5. University of Bologna (Italy) - Founded: 1088 - The first higher learning institute of the western world and the leading innovator in field of learning till the world wars. The University of Bologna has a wonderful history and is seen as the official step of western world in field of higher education institutes.

  • 4. Al Nizamiyya Of Baghdad (Iran) - Founded: 1065 - Founded by Khwaja Nizam al-Mulk in early eleventh century, this was a part of series of universities started by al-Mulk. Al Nizamiyya remains the most successful and popular one. These universities combined to create 'Largest University of Medieval world'.

  • 3. Al-Azhar University (Egypt) - Founded: 970-972 - The second oldest institute of Islamic world.which is still in operation! It started as center for studying Arabic literature, Sunni Islamic learning and religious focus. Today it teaches Quaranic sciences and traditions along with learnings from Prophet Muhammad on one hand and all modern fields of science on other.

  • 2. University of Al-Karaouine (Morocco) - Founded: 859 - The second oldest, and still operating university of the world. It was founded by Fatima al-Fihri, a woman. In the beginning it only has natural science as its offering. It wasn't until 1957 that other mainstream science was added to the portfolio.

  • 1. Nalanda University (India) - Founded: 600BC - This is the clear winner. Notice that this is the only one to be established in BC. The history of this is a strong example of the Indian culture and the importance associated to education since early days. It saw students from Babylon, Greece, Syria, and China.



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    Ali Raza 18 / Nov / 2015

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